Although it is the fastest evolving species, some humans simply cannot do it. It’s like changing the size of our brains. Over the years, it has been discovered that certain members of the animal kingdom have the ability to increase the size of the brain. Now, a new study shows that Indian jumping ants can do the same. What makes them unique is that these ants not only increase the size of their brains, but also restore them to their previous state at a later time.
According to a study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society on Wednesday, scientists found that Indian jumping ants can shrink their brains by nearly 20% and restore their brains within a few weeks. With it, it can become the first insect to show this ability. According to research, female members of this species use this feature to prepare for reproduction.
This ability is also related to the position of women in the colony hierarchy. Unlike other ant species, Indian jumping ants allow female members to compete for the position of the queen of the colony. Usually, the queen is the only ant allowed to reproduce, and male ants promote reproduction. However, once the queen dies, more than half of the female working class ants in the species will participate in a competition to consolidate their position as the next leader.
According to the “New York Times” report, for more than 40 days or so, females competed with each other in various competitions by “beating each other with tentacles”. The last five to ten standing ants are allowed to reproduce, which is the same as their behavior.
This game brought about a strong physiological shift in the breeding offspring of gamergates. The report quoted Dr. Clint Pennick, an assistant professor of biology at Kennesaw State University in Georgia and the lead author of the new study: “If you look at the inside of them, you will see the tremendous changes they have undergone. .”
The study found that the ovaries of the gametophytes increased five times. As a result, their brains have shrunk by about 20%.
Dr. Penike explained that unlike worker ants, player gates do not need to participate in cognitive tasks. “Once the game is won, they have a little more than spawners.”
After isolating them from the colony, the research team found that they had regained their original brain size and regained worker-like behavior. He told the Guardian: “It’s amazing to see that they can fully expand their brains to their previous size.”
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