Astronomers have been gazing at a maternity ward that appears to be a planet. It was the first time during the birth process that they observed a huge disk of gas and dust surrounding a newly formed star.

Researchers said on Wednesday that the huge young planet formed around a star called AB Aurigae, which is about 2.4 times the mass of the sun and is located in the Milky Way galaxy 520 light-years from Earth. A light year is the distance that light travels in a year, which is 5.9 trillion miles (9.5 trillion kilometers).

The scientists used the very large telescope of the European Southern Observatory in Chile and discovered a spiral structure in the rotating disk around AB Aurigae created by the existence of the planet. They detected “twisted” patterns of gas and dust in the spiral structure labeled planetary coalescence.

The Paris Observatory said: “It takes millions of years for a planet to enter the final stage, so the time of birth is not clear. However, it can be said that we may be able to capture a planet during the formation of the planet.” Astronomer Anthony· Anthony Boccaletti led the research, which was published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics.

More than 4,000 planets have been discovered orbiting the stars in the solar system. Scientists are eager to learn more about how cold air and dust are born when they merge in these disks surrounding new stars.

Bocaletti said that the distance of this planet from the star is about 30 times the distance between the earth and the sun, which is about the distance of Neptune in our solar system. Bocaletti added that it appears to be a large gas planet, not a rocky planet like Earth or Mars, and may be larger than Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system.

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© Thomson Reuters 2020


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