NASA astrophysicists used computer simulations to prove that when gas escapes the gravitational pull of a supermassive black hole, a tsunami-like structure may form on a large scale and penetrate deep into space. Not only that, the researchers also added that these supermassive black holes can accommodate the largest tsunami-like structures in the universe.
On Sunday, in an Instagram post, NASA stated that the relatively cool atmosphere of the rotating table can form waves within the distance where the supermassive black hole loses control of the surrounding matter—similar to the surface of the ocean. NASA said: “When interacting with hot wind (which may be 10 times hotter than the sun), these waves will steeply spiral into a structure that can reach a height of 10 light-years above the disk.”
The stunning illustrations seem to come directly from science fiction thrillers. It depicts a supermassive black hole hidden in dust and some strange features in nearby gas. It said that these high-energy X-rays from the disk surrounding the black hole interacted with this gas and produced two unusual features: a tsunami (light blue “wave” above the disk) and a Karman vortex street (orange). as the picture shows.
NASA stated in a note on its website that the simulation showed how X-ray light from plasma near a black hole first expanded the hot gas pockets in the accretion disk atmosphere to a certain distance away from the active galactic nucleus. . The heated plasma then rises like a balloon, expanding and destroying the colder surrounding gas.
The researchers also stated that the new results contradict the long-standing theory that, through the effect of fluid instability, hot gas spontaneously forms clouds near the nucleus of active galaxies. In addition, they opposed the idea of requiring a magnetic field to push colder gas from the disk into the wind.
The space agency said that future missions may pave the way for stronger evidence, but until then, researchers will continue to improve their models and compare them with available data, falling into this mystery.