Last Friday, NASA released the stage of global debate on the basic principles of how humans live and work on the moon, as it released an international lunar exploration called the “Artemis Agreement” The main purpose of the convention.

The agreement seeks to establish a “safe zone” around future lunar bases to prevent what NASA calls “harmful interference” from being “harmful interference” by hostile countries or closely cooperating companies.

They will also allow the company to own its own lunar resources, which is a key element that allows NASA contractors to convert the moon’s water ice into rocket fuel or mine moon minerals to build landing mats.

These agreements are a key part of NASA’s efforts to pay tribute to its allies in accordance with its Alemis Lunar Plan to establish a long-standing plan on the lunar surface.

NASA Administrator Jim Bradenstein told Reuters: “What we are doing is we are implementing the Outer Space Treaty together with the Aer Accmis Agreement.” He was referring to the 1967 An international convention that emphasizes that space should be used for peaceful rather than military purposes.

He added that the framework will be used to motivate countries to comply with the U.S. space code of conduct.

Bradenstein said: “It applies to low-Earth orbit, and it also applies to the moon.” The agreement also requires countries to adopt the “United Nations Space Debris Guidelines” (the guidelines governing the prevention of dangerous space debris) and the “Registration Convention”. The latter will require countries to provide orbital details of their “space objects”.

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The US Congress passed a law in 2015 that allows companies to own resources mined in outer space, but no such law exists in the international community. The Armemis Agreement, which is consistent with the Trump administration’s space policy, seems to clear the way for companies to mine the moon under international law, and urges countries to enact similar national laws to restrict their private sector space operations.

“If the legal situation can prevent private companies from owning private resources, why would private companies risk mining resources?” Lori Garver, former deputy director of NASA, told Reuters. “Therefore, any measures taken to eliminate any of these problems will really help promote space development.”

China and Russia
Reuters reported earlier this month that the administration of US President Donald Trump was drafting the “Aremis Agreement.”

In response, Dmitry Rogozin, the head of the Russian Space Agency, criticized Washington for excluding Russia from the early negotiations of the space exploration agreement, which is on par with the US foreign policy in the Middle East.

Rogozin wrote on Twitter: “Whether it is the moon or Iraq, the principle of invasion is the same. People began to create a’voluntary alliance’.” “Only Iraq or Afghanistan will get rid of this situation.”

A spokesperson for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement to Reuters that China expressed its willingness to cooperate with all parties in the exploration of the moon and “make greater contributions to the establishment of a community with a common future for mankind.”

Although the safe zone is designed to encourage coordination, it raises questions about whether the agreement is in conformity with the Outer Space Treaty, which states that the moon and other celestial bodies “do not claim sovereignty due to use or occupation,” or through any other means . “

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Brianstein said that the size of the safe zone will vary according to the nature of the location it surrounds and does not constitute a grant.

They will follow this principle: “Basically, I will stay away from your path, you will stay away from my path, and we can all conduct business in this area,” he added.

However, Ram Jakhu, an associate professor at McGill University’s Canadian School of Aerospace Law, said there are questions about who determines the size of the safe zone. “The safe zone is necessary, but it may also be abused and thus may be misappropriated.”

However, Mike Gold, NASA’s deputy director of international relations, told Reuters that the language of moon mining should not worry other countries.

He said: “The principles presented here are tantamount to our belief that any responsible aerospace country will disagree.”

Gold said: “Through the “Armes Agreement”, we hope that by solving these problems, the future looks more like “Star Trek” rather than “Star Wars.”

© Thomson Reuters 2020

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