NASA announced on Tuesday that eight countries have signed an international agreement called the Armis Agreement, which outlines the principles for future exploration of the moon and beyond.
The treaty paved the way for its founding members Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States to participate in NASA’s Artemis program, which aims to return humanity to Earth’s nearest neighbors by 2024 .
NASA Administrator Jim Bradenstein said: “The Artemis will be the most extensive and diverse international human space exploration program in history, and the Artemis Agreement will become the establishment of this The tool of a single global alliance.”
“Through today’s signature, we will unite with our partners to explore the moon and establish vital principles, which will create a safe, peaceful and prosperous future space for mankind to enjoy.”
While NASA is leading the Artemis program, it emphasized the need for an international partnership to establish a sustainable presence on the moon, which the agency believes is the key before humans finally perform missions to Mars.
The agency hopes, for example, to dig out ice from the South Pole of the Moon to provide drinking water, and to separate the molecules to make rocket fuel to keep going.
It also plans to build an orbiting space station called a gateway.
NASA stated that the “Aremis Agreement” strengthens and implements the 1967 “Outer Space Treaty” and is roughly divided into 10 principles.
The signatories promise, for example, to persist in peaceful exploration in a transparent manner, create a hardware system that each member state can operate, and register its space objects.
Other principles include affirming that they will help each other in emergency situations, disclosing their scientific data, protecting the heritage of outer space and planning to safely dispose of space debris.
The announcement came the day after Dmitry Rogozin, head of Roscosmos, the Russian Space Agency, stated that Moscow is unlikely to participate in the Gateway space station. This marks the second day on board the International Space Station. The end of ten years of close cooperation (ISS).
The “Armes Agreement” also excludes China, which is a space rival of the United States.
China has an active lunar plan and has its own international cooperation.
Last month, a Chinese-German team released the daily radiation measurements on the lunar surface recorded by the Chang’e-4 lander in 2019.
They concluded that radiation levels restricted astronauts to stay on the moon for two to three months, which was important information that was not collected by the American Apollo missions in the 1960s and 1970s.
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