Local protesters said that Myanmar’s wireless broadband Internet service was shut down by military orders last Friday because protesters continued to ignore the threat of deadly violence and opposed the military government’s takeover.
According to a statement posted online by local supplier Ooredoo, the instruction issued by the Ministry of Transport and Communications on Thursday indicated that “all wireless broadband data services will be temporarily suspended until further notice.”
After interrupting Internet access overnight for several weeks, the military closed all links except all links using fiber optic cables on Friday, and the working speed of fiber optic cables was greatly reduced. Prohibit access to mobile networks and all wireless devices (the lower cost option used by most people in developing countries).
Telenor, one of Norway’s largest telecommunications operators, has confirmed that it will no longer provide wireless services. As of last Friday, it has provided up to 40 Mbps fiber optic service in its packaging, which is far below the minimum high-speed access of 100 Mbps.
Except for a few media organizations that are completely controlled by the military, the government has shut down all other media. Some of these people whose activities have been banned or whose activities have been suspended continue to post via social media or any method they can find.
Facebook announced that it will provide a security feature to enable Myanmar users to strengthen security settings and lock their personal data to prevent access by non-friends. This includes preventing non-friends from zooming in, sharing or downloading full-size profiles and cover photos, and any posts on the viewer’s timeline.
Facebook and other major social media platforms have banned members of the Myanmar military (also known as Tatmadaw) and banned advertisements from most commercial entities connected to the military.
Also on Friday, a South Korean bank said it would temporarily close its branch in Yangon and was considering taking its South Korean employee home after security forces fatally shot and killed a Myanmar employee.
Shinhan Bank spokesman Noh Ji-young said that the woman was killed in the head when she returned home from get off work on Wednesday and was pronounced dead on Friday.
The bank did not disclose more personal details about her. South Korea’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs said the woman was shot and killed when Myanmar security forces inspected the company car she was using.
The ministry stated that it has issued warnings to South Korean nationals in Myanmar to exercise caution when they are inspected by security forces.
At the same time, Germany-based Giesecke + Devrient (G + D) provides raw materials, materials and system components for the production of Myanmar Kyat banknotes. The company said it will suspend all deliveries to the state-owned security printer Security Print Works.
The company said in a statement: “This is a response to the ongoing violent conflict between the military and civilians.” It said it had previously restricted business.
Due to the response to the coup and the outbreak of a large-scale epidemic, Myanmar’s economy is under pressure of great destruction, and Myanmar’s military leaders are expected to order the central bank to increase the money supply. It is not yet clear how much impact the German company’s actions will have.
Human Rights Watch, headquartered in New York, issued a report on Friday that the Myanmar military has forcibly disappeared hundreds of people, including politicians, election officials, journalists, activists, and protesters, and refused to confirm their location or refused to contact lawyers or family member. Violation of international law.
Adams, head of the Asian region of Human Rights Watch, said: “The military government’s widespread use of arbitrary arrests and enforced disappearances seems to have caused fear in the hearts of anti-coup demonstrators.” Implement targeted economic sanctions to ultimately hold the abusive soldier accountable.”
In the past week, the crisis in Southeast Asian countries has intensified. The number of protesters killed and military airstrikes against Karen guerrillas have intensified in their homes on the border with Thailand.
According to Free Myanmar Rangers, a rescue agency in the area, more than 12 civilians have been killed and more than 20,000 have been displaced since Saturday since the Karen-controlled area.
About 3,000 Karen fled to Thailand, but many returned without knowing it. The Thai authorities said they had returned voluntarily, but aid organizations said they were not safe. Many people were hiding in the jungles and caves along the border with Myanmar.
The United Nations South-East Asia Human Rights Office called on countries in the region to “protect everyone who has fled the country’s violence and persecution” and “to ensure that refugees and undocumented immigrants are not forced to return,” United Nations spokesperson Stephen Duharic told reporters in New York. .
The United Nations Security Council strongly condemned the use of violence against peaceful demonstrators on Thursday night. The press release is consistent, but weaker than the draft that it “reads to consider taking further measures”, and the draft may include sanctions. China and Russia, both permanent members of the Security Council and arms suppliers to the Myanmar military, generally oppose sanctions.
The UN Special Envoy for Myanmar warned that Myanmar faces the possibility of civil war and urged major actions to be taken, otherwise it may fall into a state of failure.
Earlier this week, an opposition group of elected members of Parliament was sworn in on February 1 and proposed a provisional charter to replace Myanmar’s 2008 constitution. By proposing greater autonomy for ethnic minorities, the organization’s goal is to ally with armed militias active in border areas and conduct large-scale protest campaigns in cities and towns.
For decades, more than a dozen ethnic minority groups have sought greater autonomy from the central government, sometimes even through armed struggle. Even in peacetime, relations are tense and the ceasefire is fragile. Several major groups-including Kachin State, the Karen and the Rakhine State Army-condemned the coup and said they would defend the protesters on their territory.
The coup has reversed the slow development of democracy in Myanmar. Myanmar has led to international isolation and sanctions for decades under strict military rule, and has stagnated democracy for decades. As the generals relaxed their control and were eventually promoted to the leadership of Aung San Suu Kyi in the 2015 general election, the international community responded by lifting most sanctions and injecting capital into the country.