Space is a mysterious place, and many people around the world are working to unravel it layer by layer. Still, there are quite a few puzzling events out there that cannot be explained. Scientists now think there may be invisible walls in space. However, these walls are not the same as the walls of the room. Instead, they are more like obstacles. Scientists believe the walls may be created by a “fifth force” mediated by a hypothetical new particle called a symmetron. The presence of this force helps to understand an interesting part of space that has long frustrated astronomers.
Currently, we use the Lambda cold dark matter model as the standard model to understand our universe. The model states that small galaxies should be spread out in chaotic orbits around larger galaxies. In fact, many small galaxies orbiting larger galaxies are arranged in thin planes (disks) that look similar to Saturn’s rings. This arrangement looks as if there are invisible walls in space that cause them to line up regardless of the Lambda model.
In other words, these small “satellite” galaxies are captured by the gravity of larger galaxies and line up in thin planes, whereas the model suggests they should be spread out in chaotic orbits around their host galaxies. These small galaxies have been seen in synchronous orbits in our own Milky Way, the Milky Way, and neighboring galaxies. Scientists have proposed several explanations for this “satellite disk problem.”
However, new research by researchers at the University of Nottingham offers a new explanation. It is available through the preprint server arXiv. They call it “the first potential ‘new physics’ explanation. This suggests that symtrons can create invisible walls in space.
Still, this study is just a proof of concept. To prove the existence of invisible walls in space, scientists must first prove the existence of symmetries. That will require the services of NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, which should be ready for scientific observations this summer.