The Supreme Court of India has filed a petition seeking guidance to enact laws to regulate social media and have platforms directly responsible for spreading hate speech and fake news, such as Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp and Instagram.
The public interest litigation (PIL) requires the Supreme Court to instruct the central government to establish a mechanism to automatically delete hate speech and false news within a relatively short period of time, thereby minimizing countermeasures against such hate speech or false news.
Advocate Vineet Jindal (Vineet Jindal), through the petition submitted by the advocate Raj Kishor Choudhary earlier this week, also sought guidance from the Center to enact laws, Criminal prosecutions involving people who spread hatred and fake news through social media. It requires the government to direct the appointment of an expert investigator in every case registered for spreading hatred and fake news.
“Registering an account is enough to start a channel that provides a platform for uploading videos on social media such as Twitter, YouTube, Facebook, Instagram. This means that anyone can post any content on social media without restrictions, the government “.
The petitioner stated that the request was made using derogatory terms after two tweets directed at the Hindu goddess.
The petition proposes that freedom of speech and expression is widely understood as a concept that everyone has the natural right to express themselves freely through any media and borders, without external interference, such as censorship, and without fear of retaliation, such as Threats and persecution.
“However, freedom of expression is a complex right, because freedom of expression is not absolute and has special obligations and responsibilities. Therefore, freedom of expression may be subject to certain restrictions imposed by law.”
The appeal also pointed out that the influence of social media is much broader than that of traditional media. The freedom of speech and speech stipulated in Article 19(1) of the Constitution coexist and are subject to reasonable restrictions that may be imposed by Article 19. (2).
The plea argued that it would be useful for India to consider regulations and standards implemented in different countries to introduce guidelines that strike a balance between freedom of speech and accountability of social media platforms.
“India has experienced many community violence incidents in the past, but in today’s social media era, these acts of aggression are not limited to the region or the local population, but the entire country also follows. Rumors, innuendo and hatred are permeating local communities’ conflict Ignite, the conflict immediately spread to the whole of India via social media.”
It said that social media has been playing a harmful role in inciting community violence in India, and it is time to check abuses.
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