Russia and China announced plans for a joint lunar space station on Tuesday, as Moscow is trying to regain the glory of the Soviet era of space exploration, while Beijing is accelerating its alien ambitions.

Although Moscow was at the forefront of space travel, it was the first to send humans into space. However, due to lack of funds and local corruption, its cosmic ambitions have been weakened.

In recent years, both China and the United States have achieved major victories in space exploration and research, which eclipses it.

The Russian Space Agency (Roscomos) said in a statement that it has signed an agreement with the China National Space Administration (CNSA) to develop a “complex of experimental research facilities built on the lunar surface and/or orbit.”

CNSA stated that the project is “open to all interested countries and international partners.” Experts say it will be China’s largest international space cooperation project to date.

Moscow is seeking to regain its lead in the space race.

This year, it celebrated the 60th anniversary of Russia’s first manned space flight-in April 1961, Yuri Gagarin entered space, and two years later, the first female Valentina Jie Valentina Tereshkova (Valentina Tereshkova) went into space.

In May 1961, one month later in Russia, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) carried out the first manned space flight, which enabled Alan Shepard to board the Mercury-Redstone 3 (Mercury 3). -Redstone 3).

However, in the process of exploring the moon and in recent years, Moscow has been behind Washington and Beijing.

At the same time, China, which is seeking to establish a closer partnership with Moscow, has already embarked on its own successful space program.

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‘Big deal’
Last year, it launched the Astronomy 1 probe to Mars, which is currently orbiting the red planet.

In December, it successfully brought back rock and soil samples from the moon to Earth, the first mission in more than 40 years.

Chen Lan, an independent analyst who specializes in China’s space program, said the joint lunar space station is “very important.”

Lan told Agence France-Presse: “This will be China’s largest international space cooperation project, so it is of great significance.”

Dmitry Rogozin, head of Roskosmos, wrote on Twitter that he has invited Zhang Kejian, director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of China, to participate in Russia’s first modern lunar lander scheduled for launch on October 1. Luna 25, this is the first lunar lander launched by Russia since 1976.

Eyes on mars
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is now setting its sights on Mars, and last week the Perseverance rover conducted its first test flight on the planet.

Even though the plan is still at a very preliminary stage, NASA ultimately intends to perform possible human missions to the Earth.

Moscow and Washington are also cooperating in the space sector, which is one of the few remaining areas of cooperation between Cold War opponents.

However, Russia did not sign the U.S.-led “Artemis Agreement” last year for countries wishing to participate in the lunar exploration program led by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

According to the Artemis plan announced during the tenure of former U.S. President Donald Trump, NASA plans to land the first woman and the second man on the moon by 2024.

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Another blow to Russia’s space reputation last year by Roscosmos was that after the first successful mission of the American company SpaceX, Roscosmos lost its monopoly on manned flights to the International Space Station (ISS).

Elon Musk’s SpaceX has become a key participant in the modern space race and announced plans to bring several members of the public to the moon in a trip funded by Japanese millionaires in 2023.

A prototype SpaceX Starship exploded after landing in Texas in March after climbing to an altitude of six miles (10 kilometers). The test flight is part of the company’s ambitious project to take people to Mars.

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