The European Commission announced on Wednesday strict draft rules on the use of artificial intelligence, including a ban on most surveillance, in an attempt to set global standards for key technologies led by China and the United States.

However, civil rights organizations warned that loopholes in the proposal may leave room for suppressing government abuse of the technology. The loophole envisages imposing high fines for violations and setting strict safeguards for high-risk applications.

China is leading the AI ​​competition, and the COVID-19 pandemic highlights the importance of algorithms and Internet-connected gadgets in daily life.

European technical director Margrethe Vestager said in a statement: “In artificial intelligence, there must be trust, not trust. With these landmark rules, the EU Will take the lead in formulating new global norms to ensure that artificial intelligence can be trusted.

The committee said it would prohibit artificial intelligence applications that allow the government to perform social scoring or exploit children.

High-risk AI applications used in recruitment, critical infrastructure, credit scoring, migration, and law enforcement will be strictly protected.

Companies that violate the regulations will face a fine of up to 6% of their global turnover or a fine of 30 million euros (approximately 270 crore rupees), whichever is higher.

The head of European industry, Thierry Breton, said that the rule aims to eliminate myths and misunderstandings about artificial intelligence.

Breton said at the press conference: “Behind the term artificial intelligence, the film industry has long conveyed common beliefs and fears.”

He said: “Unfortunately, the little robot (Walt Disney animated film character) WALL-E may not make us forget the Terminator T-800 (robot). Therefore, we have to navigate between all of this, don’t Slander technology.” said.

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The technology lobby group CCIA said the rule should not add red tape to companies and users.

CCIA Vice President Christian Borggreen said: “Artificial intelligence will become the key to European economic recovery and future competitiveness. However, regulation alone cannot make the EU a leader in artificial intelligence.”

European Digital Rights points to a worrying gap in the proposal.

Sara Chandler of the lobby group said: “The draft law does not completely prohibit the improper use of artificial intelligence, especially all forms of large-scale surveillance of biometrics. This leaves an order for discriminatory and surveillance technologies used by governments and companies. A worrying blank.”

Patrick Breyer, a Green Party member of the European Parliament, is also harsh on the proposal.

He said: “The biometrics and large-scale surveillance, profile analysis and behavior prediction technologies in our public places undermine our freedom and threaten our open society. The proposed procedural requirements are just a smokescreen.”

Before the rule takes effect, the European Commission will have to discuss the details with the governments of the European Union and the European Parliament.

Patrick Van Eecke, a partner and European network business director at the law firm Cooley, said that this may take several years, and this requires strong lobbying by companies and even foreign governments.

Thomson Reuters 2021 ©

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